BLOOD SUGAR

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HEALTHY BLOOD SUGAR

Management of blood sugar is crucial for our well-being.  It is therefore important to understand the blood glucose level ranges.  The best way to know your blood glucose level is to check it with a glucose meter. This means doing a finger stick with a lancet and getting a drop of blood onto a test strip, then inserting the strip into the meter for a reading.

Normal or healthy blood sugar for a person fasting (without diabetes) ranges from  70–99 mg/dl (3.9–5.5 mmol/L), and  80–130 mg/dl (4.4–7.2 mmol/L) for someone with diabetes.  Normal for a person not fasting and without diabetes  should be less than 140 mg/dl (7.8 mmol/L) and less than 180 mg/dl (10.0 mmol/L) for a person with diabetes.  Blood sugar must be tested at least two hours after the meal as it rises after eating.   Our pancreas process food as we eat, releasing enzymes that help break down food and hormones that help the body handle the influx of glucose.  Insulin is one of these hormones and manage glucose levels in the blood.

FUNCTIONS OF GLUCOSE

Glucose provides our bodies and brain with energy.  The cells in our bodies need glucose for energy, and we all need energy to move, think, learn and breathe. The brain, which is the command center, uses about half of all the energy from glucose in the body.  Our bodies and brain rely on the pancreas to make enough insulin, and cells to use or distribute it properly.  The malfunctioning of the pancreas, failure to make enough insulin (or stop making it) result in glucose levels in the blood rising too high.  This is called Type 1 diabetes.  Type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance, is when the pancreas makes enough insulin but the cells fail to use it properly, causing blood glucose levels to rise.   Ketosis may be observed, as the process can occur if the body does not have enough insulin or is not using insulin correctly.

EFFECTS OF UNBALANCED BLOOD GLUCOSE LEVELS

You may not detect the symptoms of either high or low glucose level, unless it’s fairly high or low.  This is more so with Type 2 diabetes.  But this makes your health and energy soar.  Problems associated with extreme levels of ketosis are more likely to develop in patients with Type 1 diabetes compared  with Type 2 diabetes patients.

HIGH BLOOD GLUCOSE (HYPERGLYCEMIA)

Symptoms of high blood glucose may include weight loss, fatigue, feeling thirsty and frequent trips to the bathroom.   Treatment is crucial to prevent diabetic ketoacidosis, and complications such as kidney disease, eye disease, nerve damage, and even coronary heart disease (CHD).   Coronary heart disease is an inflammatory disorder caused by abnormal carbohydrate metabolism.  Sugar is a silent killer, and is hidden in most of the food that we eat, especially food containing carbohydrates.  It is argued that diabetes is, next to cigarette consumption, the strongest predictor of CHD risk.  When you have diabetes, your diet is a vital part of your treatment plan.  Ketogenic diet reduces the risk of heart disease.  

LOW BLOOD GLUCOSE AND MENTAL DISORDERS

Low blood glucose is a major trigger of depression, in addition to genetic disposition, chemical imbalances, situational triggers,  and coping toolboxes that need work.  When blood sugar drops, it illicit the stress response in our brains. This can trigger an episode of anxiety or depression.  When we hungry we get grumpy, and some people can even be aggressive.  People who carry on for a long period without food, especially missing breakfast are likely to have mood disorder. A ketogenic diet and engagement in some form of physical activities can lessen depression.

When the body does not have enough glucose for energy, it burns stored fats instead, and this results in a build-up of acids called ketones within the body.  Some people encourage ketosis by following a low carbohydrate diet.  It reduces the risk of Alzheimer’s disease.  The ketogenic diet has also been used under medical supervision to reduce seizures in children with epilepsy who do not respond to other forms of treatment.  It prompts the body to use fat as the first line source of fuel instead of glucose.

METABOLIC MASTER SWITCH

Some botanical plants, like Ashwagandha  has the ability to activate an enzyme in cells called the Metabolic Master Switch. When this happens, your body can switch specific genes on and off to regulate your metabolism at cellular level, resulting in lower blood sugar levels, improved insulin sensitivity in cells, muscles use more glucose for energy, reduced sugar production in the liver and a delayed breakdown of carbohydrates in the digestive tract.

11 Comments

  1. Thanks for this post on how to check and know our blood sugar level, this is an enlightening post you have written on how to manage our blood sugar level, you said if the body doesn’t have enough glucose it burns fat instead and this can lead to the build up of acids,I wanna ask is the acid dangerous to the body???

    1. The process is called Ketosis.  Your body goes though this process to generate the energy that it requires.  With too little insulin, the cells cannot take in glucose for energy and other sources of energy (such as fat and muscle) are needed to provide this energy. This makes the body tired and can cause weight loss. If this continues, you may become very ill. This is because the body attempts to make new energy from fat and causes acids to be produced as waste product. 

      It is important to maintain a balanced diet.  Obesity and diabetes are both inflammatory conditions resulting from the carbohydrate metabolism disorder.  People who are carbohydrate resistant must reduce the intake of carbohydrates and increase the intake of good fat.  On the other hand shortage of carbohydrates may result in artery clogging.

  2. Thanks for sharing this enlightening post on this to manage and control our blood sugar level, honestly am so happy for seeing this kinda post because I always think I have a high blood sugar but with what this post made me understand I  don’t think I have, I wanna ask a question is there any problem if someone’s sugars level is over low??

    1. The answer to your question is in the article “Low blood glucose and mental health”.  Please read it.  You cannot assume that your blood sugar is balanced without testing and monitoring it,  Read the first paragraphs of the article.

  3. i have read that The level of glucose in the blood is carefully controlled by a hormone called insulin. After we eat, the amount of glucose in the blood rises. then Insulin is released to bring blood glucose levels back down to ‘normal’ levels. However, if blood sugar rises too rapidly, the body can end up releasing too much insulin. which is bad

  4. a very important topic this is. A person needs to keep blood sugar levels within a safe range to reduce the risk of diabetes and heart disease. and many people do not know that Glucose is another product of carbohydrate breakdown. It is a simple sugar that cells in the body can easily convert to energy. am i right?

    1. Thank you for stopping by.  I highly appreciate your time and comments.

      All the best.

      Sandikazi

  5. A big ‘’I agree’’ from my part for your article on blood sugar. It is indeed crucial for our well-being. My life changed when I learned how to manage it. I had problems with low blood glucose, which triggered issues with chemical imbalances (I hated how I felt and at the same time couldn’t change it).  Ashwagandha is a part of my daily healthy routine. I take it in the form of capsules.

    1. Thank you for stopping by.  I highly appreciate your time and comments.

      All the best.

      Sandikazi

  6. hello there. nice review. diabetes is a deadly disease and People with poorly controlled diabetes, Cushing’s syndrome, and some other illnesses experience what is called hyperglycemia. People taking oral steroids may also experience hyperglycemia. Hyperglycemia normally develops when the cells become less sensitive to insulin. thank you very much ask any question when you want

  7. This is really good information! I am actually very interested in doing Keto for the weight loss and health benefits. My husband is pre-diabetic and would like to avoid insulin injections so this is perfect. I didn’t connect depression with all of this but it makes sense.  Thank you for sharing it! 

    Are you or have you participated in the Keto Diet?  Are there any particular diet websites online that provide meal ideas and support information?

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